- Maintaining a specific relationship between the airplane and the ground.
- Dividing attention between the flightpath, groundbased references, manipulating the flight controls, and scanning for outside hazards and instrument indications.
- Adjusting the bank angle during turns to correct for groundspeed changes in order to maintain constant radius turns.
- Rolling out from a turn with the required wind correction angle to compensate for any drift cause by the wind.
- Establishing and correcting the wind correction angle in order to maintain the track over the ground.
- Preparing the pilot for the airport traffic pattern and subsequent landing pattern practice.
- Failure to adequately clear the area above, below, and on either side of the airplane for safety hazards,initially and throughout the maneuver.
- Failure to establish a constant, level altitude prior to entering the maneuver.
- Failure to maintain altitude during the maneuver.
- Failure to properly assess wind direction.
- Failure to establish the appropriate wind correction angle.
- Failure to apply coordinated aileron and rudder pressure, resulting in slips and skids.
- Failure to manipulate the flight controls in a smooth and continuous manner.
- Failure to properly divide attention between controlling the airplane and maintaining proper orientation with the ground references.
- Failure to execute turns with accurate timing.